Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Prevalence of childhood obesity.
Authors: Frade, F.
Marques, J. M
Sousa, L.M.M.
Santos, M.J.
Pereira, F.
Carteiro, D.
Frade, J.M.G.
Keywords: Pediatric Obesity
Issue Date: 13-Sep-2018
Publisher: BMC Health Services Research
Citation: Frade, F., Marques, J.M., Sousa, L., Santos, M.J., Pereira, F., Dora Carteiro, D. & Frade, J.M.G. (2018). Prevalence of childhood obesity. (P115). BMC Health Services Research, 18(Suppl 2), 147.
Abstract: Background The prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents has been increasing worldwide [1, 2], having impact on children's physical, psychological and social well-being [3, 4]. Objective To identify the prevalence of childhood obesity worldwide. Methods A systematic review of the literature began with the question: “What is the prevalence of childhood obesity worldwide?” The research was carried out on the EBSCO host, Google Scholar and B-On, on the scientific databases Medline/Pubmed, LILACS, CINAHL, Nursing & Allied Health Collection, Cochrane Plus Collection, MedicLatina and SciELO. The inclusion criteria were: full-text articles, in English, Portuguese or Spanish, published from 2013 to 2017. The Boolean equation used was: (Pediatric Obesity) OR (Overweight) AND (Children) AND (Prevalence). One hundred twenty-two (122) articles were found, of these, 24 were selected after comprehensive reading. Results Globally, in 2016, there were 41 million children under 5 years of age who were overweight or obese and 340 million children and adolescents aged 5 to 19 years were overweight/obese [5]. In 2013, in the European region the prevalence of overweight/obese people was 31.6%, with 17.7% corresponding to pre-obesity and 13.9% to childhood obesity [6, 7]. In China, the prevalence of overweight people doubled from 13% in 1986, to 27.7% in 2009. In the United States, 31.8% of children were overweight or obese [8]; in New Zealand, 31.7% were overweight and obese, and 2.5% were severely obese [9]. In Mexico City, 30.8% of adolescents, 24.2% of school-age children, 14.5% of latent and 11.5% of children in preschool age were overweight and obese [2]. In Brazil, 30.59% of the children/adolescents studied were overweight, obese or severely obese [8]. Conclusions Childhood obesity is one of the Public Health problems worldwide, it becomes urgent to monitor the problem properly and implement preventive measures to reduce this risk.
ISSN: 1472-6963
Appears in Collections:E CS/ENF - Artigos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
PO115_147.pdf109.96 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.